Gender Equality

தமிழ

What can we learn today

WHY EQUALITY?

  • Because every human being feels emotions irrespective of gender or gender identity. As a human being we must repect others’ preferences and opinions.
  • Gender equality has often been found to have a close relation to the economic growth and literacy rate of a country.

WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENCES?

  • An average man has more physical strength than an average woman. But women wrestlers like Mary Kom, Karnam Malleswari have made India proud and there are many, many other women like them.
  • Men can grow beards and moustaches, women cannot.
  • Hair growth is faster in women than in men.
  • An average man will have broader shoulders, narrower hips, more height and weight than an average woman.
  • Most men have deep voices while most women do not.
  • A woman carries the child before birth, a man do not. However, as in every other species, both play a very important role in creating progeny!
  • In fact, one of the main differences between people are their reproductive organs. The human body is said to have female reproductive organs if it has organs like ovaries, egg tubes, uterus, cervix, vagina and breasts. Similarly, male reproductive organs are testes, prostrate glands, sperm ducts, urethra and penis.

HERE ARE SOME FACTS ABOUT SEX AND GENDER

  • SEX: The sex of a person is dependent on the person’s reproductive organs. This is how the sex of a person with male reproductive organs is said to be male, and with female reproductive organs is said to be female. Some people are born with both male and female reproductive organs, while there are others who do not have well-formed reproductive organs from birth. This phenomenon is also very common amongst almost all animal species. Scientifically, the sex of such a person is said to be intersex.
  • GENDER: This is how society thinks a person should look, think or act according to their perception of our sex.
  • GENDER IDENTITY: Often, what society thinks of us is different from what we feel about our sex and gender and how we express our feelings. Children born of a particular sex may identify themselves with a different gender as they grow up. The scientific term for them is transgenders. This is a very natural and common phenomenon. Intersex children often associate more with one gender over the other. Gender identity is much more important than what society thinks and expects of you.
  • Many transgenders go through surgery to biologically look like the way they feel comfortable with.
  • It is absolutely normal but less common to not associate with any gender. The gender of such a person is termed as third gender. India officially recognizes third gender as a gender preference.
  • SEXUAL IDENTITY: This depends on the attraction a person feels for persons of a particular gender. When you are attracted to the same gender then you are homosexual. If you are attracted to a different gender, you are said to be heterosexual. If you are attracted to more than one genders then you are bisexual. It is also natural to not feel sexually attracted to another person – this is known as asexuality.
  • Every person, irrespective of the person’s sex, gender identity or sexual identity, must be respected equally.
  • Give equal importance to your children, education-wise and health-wise, irrespective of the child’s sex, gender identity or sexual identity.

HOW CAN YOU HELP?

  • As they say, real education begins at home. Treat your kids equally, respect their preferences.
  • Treat your colleagues/peers/friends/students equally. Respect personal boundaries and preferences.
  • Do NOT stereotype: Boys feel as much emotions as girls. Some girls can be really good at being on guard with their emotions. On the other hand, boys CAN cry. There is nothing wrong with expressing your emotions. Everyone should be allowed to express themselves freely, especially when they are young.
  • Know and educate others about our laws against gender discrimination: Prebirth Sex determination, female foeticide and Dowry are legally banned in India. Practicing these may result into five years of imprisonment.